Using specialized techniques to identify data within a computer could link an individual to a crime. These techniques are grouped under the collective term, computer forensics.
This process begins with forensic imaging, which creates a binary copy of a computer hard drive without altering the suspect system. Their analysts can then pin-point what the computer has been used for and how, which is detailed in a comprehensive report that can be used as part of a criminal investigation.
Computer forensics can also be used internally by companies that suspect that their employees have been misusing the computer systems, but more commonly, it is used by the police as part of criminal cases.
Due to the wide-reaching digital evidence that can be gathered by investigating a computer system, computer forensics can be used as part of a vast range of investigations including those that involve murder, sex offenses, terrorism, fraud, identity theft, drug dealing, blackmail, and many other serious activities.
Further information about computer forensics and other associated practices that this specialized agency provides can be found on their website. Any organization that suspects that their computers are being misused should contact their team by calling the number on their website.